A final public charge rule was published in August by the federal Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Here are some key points about the policy.
What is the new public charge rule?
The federal Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has issued new rules that allows the government to deny an individual's application for entry into the U.S. or deny an application to change their immigration status if they use public benefits, including Medicaid.
- The rule defines a “public charge” as an immigrant who uses public benefits or relies on the government for financial support. Absent a legal challenge, it becomes effective Oct. 15, 2019.
- Individuals can be considered a public charge if they currently use public benefits or are likely to use them in the future. The determinations are based on education and income levels, among other factors.
The new rule expands the public benefits that DHS considers in public charge determinations to include:
- Medicaid, except for anyone under age 21 and pregnant women
- Food stamps, also known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program or SNAP
- Temporary cash assistance
- Section 8 housing assistance and certain other forms of subsidized housing
Other public benefits, including Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Public Assistance for Long-term Care in an institution, will continue to be used in public charge determinations.
Who does this rule apply to?
- Individuals seeking admission into the U.S.
- Individuals seeking to adjust their status to become a lawful permanent resident or green card holder from within the U.S.
- Individuals within the U.S. who hold a nonimmigrant visa and seek to extend their stay in the same classification or change their status to a different nonimmigrant classification.
Who is considered a “public charge?”
A public charge is an immigrant who receives one or more public benefits for more than 12 months aggregate total within a 36-month period. For example, if a person receives two benefits in one month, that is considered two months of public benefits. The way these benefits are counted is determined by whether it is before or after Oct. 15, 2019. We recommend you speak to an immigration expert to understand your situation.
Who are the exceptions to the rule?
- It is very important to know there are exceptions to this rule, especially when it comes to health insurance. The new rule will NOT apply to:
- Those who have used benefits in the past; only to those who receive benefits after Oct. 15, 2019.
- Medicaid recipients under age 21.
- Medicaid recipients who are pregnant and up to 60 days postpartum.
- Children who receive coverage through the Maryland Children’s Health Program (MCHP).
- People who receive a private health plan through Maryland Health Connection including those who get Advanced Premium Tax Credits (APTC) to help pay for their plan.
- Humanitarian programs for refugees and asylum recipients, or petitioners under VAWA (Violence against Women Act).
- Recipients of emergency medical services or disaster relief funds.
- Applicants for Temporary Protected Status (TPS).
- Immigrants who have already obtained Lawful Permanent Resident status (green card holders)
Are lawful permanent residents who have met the five-year bar and are now eligible for Medicaid subject to the public charge?
In most cases, a lawful permanent resident or green card holder who has been in the U.S. for five or more years (five-year bar) can receive Medicaid benefits without having those benefits considered in a public charge determination. However, in some cases a lawful permanent resident may be subject to the public charge upon their return to the U.S. after extended travel abroad because they might then be viewed as an applicant for admission to the U.S.
What if some family members receive public benefits and others do not?
If you are applying to change your immigration status, only the public benefits that you receive for yourself count. For example, if your children receive Medicaid, MCHP or food stamps, it will not count against you. If you have questions about your specific family situation, you should speak to an immigration expert.
This material is provided for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal advice. You should contact an attorney to obtain advice with respect to any particular issue or problem.
Resources for Immigration Legal Services
|Organization||Location & Phone Number||Website & Email Address|
|CASA (Multicultural Center)||8151 15th Ave.
Langley Park, MD 20783
*Additional locations in Baltimore, Silver Spring & Hyattsville
|Catholic Charities of Baltimore||430 S. Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21231
|Catholic Charities of Washington D.C.||201 E. Diamond Ave., 3rd Floor Gaithersburg, MD 20877
(301) 740-252312247 Georgia Ave.
Silver Spring, MD 20902
|Catholic Charities of Wilmington (Eastern Shore Office)||30632 Hampden Ave.
Princess Anne, MD 21853
|Chesapeake Multicultural Resource Center||20 Bay St.
Easton, MD 21601
|Foreign-born Information and Referral Network, Inc.||5999 Harpers Farm Road
Columbia, MD 21044
|HIAS Global Headquarters||1300 Spring St., Suite 500
Silver Spring, MD 20910
|International Rescue Committee (Silver Spring Office)||8719 Colesville Road,
3rd Floor Silver Spring, MD 20910
(301) 562-8633 Ext. 236
|International Rescue Committee (Baltimore Office)||1900 N Howard St., Suite 200 Baltimore, MD 21218
(410) 327-1885 Ext. 260
|Justice For Our Neighbors (Monthly Legal Clinic)||(240) 825-44243405 Gough St.
Baltimore, MD 212249008 Rosemont Drive Gaithersburg, MD 208776201 Belcrest Road, #207
Hyattsville, MD 20782
|Kids in Need of Defense||1800 N. Charles St.,
Suite 810 The Walbert Building
Baltimore, MD 21201
|Maryland Coalition Against Sexual Assault||P.O. Box 8782
Silver Spring, MD 20907
|Mid Shore Pro Bono||8 S. West St.
Easton, MD 21601
|Sexual Assault/ Spouse Abuse Resource Center||P.O. Box 1207
Bel Air, MD 21014
|Spanish Speaking Community of Maryland, Inc.||8519 Piney Branch Road
Silver Spring, MD 20901
|Tahirih Justice Center
|201 N Charles St., Suite 920 Baltimore, MD 21202
|Women's Law Center of Maryland - Multi-Ethnic Domestic Violence Project||111 N. Calvert St., Room 100 Baltimore, MD 21202